Insects for food and feed


EUfishmeal director Anne Mette Bæk was happy to participate in the Annual conference of The International Platform of Insects for food and feed as a speaker and participant in a roundtable discussion in the session: Synergies and complementary benefits of various alternative sources of protein.

European fishmeal and fish oil plants produce 530,000 tonnes of fishmeal and 160,000 tonnes of fish oil yearly. With about 1,000 tonnes of insect protein so far commercialized by European insect for use in aqua feed producers since the authorization of insect proteins the two sectors have very different production volumes.

The sectors have some synergies regarding political and regulatory issues as producers of animal protein and it is helpful for both sectors to keep a close dialogue and cooperation.

Insects for food and feed

FAO Impacts of climate change on fisheries and aquaculture


The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) recently published a short report called “Impacts of climate change on fisheries and aquaculture”, which is a summary of the FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper 627. The report is a synthesis of current knowledge, adaptation and mitigation options in response to climate change and fisheries and fish production.

In general, the report states that warming of the ocean is occurring globally, but appears to be “more prominent in the Northern Hemisphere, especially the North Atlantic”. With increasing temperature follows uncertainty in primary production, as accompanying acidity changes impact the shell formation of copepods. The change in ecosystems along with the change in water temperature likewise appear to shift the geographical distribution of fish stocks and “shifts in the distribution of species of fish of importance to fisheries are one of the most widely recognized and acknowledged impacts of climate change on the oceans”.

Changes in temperature could also influence the frequency and intensity of large scale climate events such as El Niño that has significant consequences for the fishmeal and fish oil market.

In response to aquaculture, which is the business responsible of the largest demand for fishmeal and fish oil, the verdict of climate change is more uncertain. While the marine aquaculture in Norway and Chile are deemed more vulnerable, due to things as potential production loses and increases in frequency of diseases and harmful algae, other parts of the world may experience more favorable conditions.

The report concludingly recommends that the complexity of climate change should be recognized and adapted in decisions regarding aquaculture and fisheries to ensure that the sector is continuing to contribute to meeting the global goals of food security.

Read the report here.

EUfishmeal conference video, October 2018


EUfishmeal conference video on forage fish, marine mammals and optimal fisheries yields.

On the 11th of October 2018 EUfishmeal held an open scientific stakeholder conference with presentations and discussions on recent findings of changes in fish stock productivity and food webs from an ecosystem and management perspective.

EUfishmeal conference on forage fish, marine mammals and optimal fisheries yields


EUfishmeal conference video on forage fish, marine mammals and optimal fisheries yields from EUfishmeal on Vimeo.

Conference conclusions

On the 11th of October 2018 EUfishmeal held an open scientific stakeholder conference with presentations and discussions on recent findings of changes in fish stock productivity and food webs from an ecosystem and management perspective.

Forage fish populations support large scale fisheries and are key components of marine ecosystems, linking secondary production to higher trophic levels. A recent study from the North Sea shows that the abundances of short-lived pelagic species are highly dynamic and respond rapidly to changes in food availability.

Model predictions of the impact of increasing temperatures in the North East Atlantic show a potential increase in the biomass of key species as mackerel, blue whiting and herring. The changes also enable major increase in the biomass of the key plankton copepod (Calanus finmarchicus). Additionally, the increasing marine mammal populations in the North Atlantic Seas may impact the potential fisheries yields.

EUfishmeal finds it crucial that potential shifts in ecosystem productivity and food webs are thoroughly documented and made apparent to managers and stakeholders.

During the conference scientist from University of British Colombia, Institute of Marine Research Norway, DTU Aqua, ICES and others presented and discussed the most recent studies on changes in optimal fisheries yields in a changing ecosystem and the impact of marine mammals on the fish stocks.

The presentations and discussions showed that potential solutions to challenges of optimizing fisheries yield when considering ecosystem effects and impacts from outside sources as marine mammal was both complexed and dependent on various assumptions. These assumptions will be strengthened with increased research and the results will with time appear more clearly. In the end, the major conclusion from the conference is that progress based on the scientific results depends on the willingness for changes by the political managers on the highest national and international level.

Date and Time: Thursday 11 October 2018 from 15:00 to 18:30 followed by a dinner reception.
Location: EUfishmeal, Axeltorv 3, 1609 Copenhagen V

15:00-15:10 Welcome and introduction

15:10-16:25 Session on Forage Fish
15:10 “Optimal fisheries yields in an ecosystem perspective” (Villy Christensen, UBC) – to see presentation click here
15:35 “Shifts in North Sea forage fish productivity and potential fisheries yield” (Mikael van Deurs, DTU Aqua) – to see presentation click here
16:00 “The North East Atlantic pelagic fisheries case study in ClimeFish” (Kjell Rong Utne, IMR) – to see presentation click here
16:25-16:45 coffee break

16:45-17:50 Session on Marine Mammals
16:45 “How much fish is eaten by marine mammals in the Barents Sea?” (Daniel Howell, IMR) – to see presentation click here
17:10 ”The potential direct and indirect effects of grey seal on Baltic cod” (Jane Behrens, DTU Aqua) – to see presentation click here
17:35 “Are the growing marine mammal populations in West Greenland reducing the potential fisheries yields?” (Jens Stubkjær, AMP) – to see presentation click here

17:50-18:30 Panel discussion
“How to optimize fisheries yields from changing ecosystems?”
Moderator: Villy Christensen
Participants: Mikael van Deurs, Kjell Rong Utne, Daniel Howell, Jane Behrens, Jens Stubkjær, Henrik Sparholt (the Fmsy project), Mark Dickey-Collas (ICES)

Seafish report: Fact and figures Fishmeal and Fishoil


Seafish recently published a report om fishmeal and fishoil production, including global trends on supply use and aquaculture-consumption.

Read the full report here

For Seafish fishmeal news see

FIFO figures below 1 for salmonids in 2015


Source: IFFO

IFFO, The Marine Ingredients Organisation, has calculated new Fish In: Fish Out ratios (FIFO) for 2015 and for the first time FIFO figures for salmonids are below 1. Calculated with FAO data, Fish In: Fish Out ratios (FIFO) have been used by as a way of reviewing the consumption of wild fish by the sector since the 1990s.  Salmonids have drawn attention on this subject in the past, and have been criticised previously for their use of fishmeal and fish oil.  In 2015 the sector produced more fish protein than it consumed.

Previously, IFFO provided figures for FIFO for 2000 and 2010 and has now updated these using 2015 production and consumption data.  The 2015 figures retain the trend of reducing FIFOs seen between 2000 and 2010.  Overall fed aquaculture FIFOs have declined from 0.63 to 0.33 to 0.22 over the period.  Succinctly put, this means that for every 1kg of wild fish consumed by the aquaculture industry as feed, a total of 4.55kg of farmed fish was produced in 2015.  As aquafeed volume has continued to increase against a background of finite fishmeal and fish oil supply, we may expect that in 2017 the figure is even higher.

IFFO’s Technical Director Dr Neil Auchterlonie, who calculated these figures noted “the fishmeal industry supports the production of a significantly greater volume of protein for humanity than would be supplied merely through the direct consumption of the fish used as raw material in the production process.  This represents a significant contribution to global food security.”  

Read more about the study HERE