EU budget for 2020 focuses on the climate
The EU budget for 2020 has been approved and one of its main focus points is the climate. The European Parliament has ensured that more than 21% of the budget will go to the fight of climate change with more than an additional half billion euros ear-marked for climate-related expenditure. One example of how the money will be spend is the the LIFE Climate Action programme. LIFE supports projects in the development of innovative ways to respond to the challenges of climate change in Europe with focus areas such as reducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing resilience to climate change. Some of the money will also go to the Connecting Europe Facility’s energy strand which invests in the large-scale use of renewable sources and upgrades in and development of new infrastructure solutions.
The budget is described as “strong, responsible and future-oriented budget” by the Chair of the Committee on Budgets, Johan Van Overtveldt. At EUfishmeal, we are happy for this great focus on climate change.
New report: The ocean as a solution to climate change
A new report points to the ocean as a source for solutions to climate change. It presents several ocean-based solutions to reduce emissions before 2030 and 2050, and one of these solutions is the ocean-based food system including aquaculture. The report is called “The Ocean as a Solution to Climate Change” and it has been ordered by the High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy. Fishmeal and fish oil have historically been feeds for aquaculture and they promote “vibrant fish growth” and provide key nutrients which have great benefits for the human health. Furthermore, the primary replacements for fishmeal and fish oil often have high greenhouse gas emissions.
The report claims that food will become increasingly important in future climate change mitigations. Change of behaviour in food consumption is therefore necessary, and it has found an alignment between dietary changes that would improve human health and those that would benefit the environment. It is therefore argued that “sustainable growth in seafood production and consumption, particularly from aquaculture, is at the core of these potential benefits.” This matches FAO’s projection that the global aquaculture production will grow at an annual rate of 2.1 percent from 2017 to 2030 and that this growth will help create jobs.
One of the general findings from an analysis of the wider impacts is that: “Of the five ocean intervention areas, protecting and restoring coastal and marine ecosystems, fisheries and aquaculture, and ocean-based energy have a positive impact on the largest number of sustainable development dimensions.”
Read the whole report here.
Merry Christmas from EUfishmeal
From EUfishmeal, we wish you a merry Christmas and a happy new year.
The ocean plays a crucial role in the global food provision
EUfishmeal welcomes the findings of a new report arguing that the world could get more than six times more food from the sea than today through better ocean management. The report has been commissioned by the High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy and it aims to summarize the latest science in order to help “accelerate a move into a more sustainable and prosperous relationship with the ocean.” It finds that the ocean can play a unique role in the contribution to sustainable food security because seafood is highly nutritious and provides essential vitamins, minerals, long chain omega-3 fatty acids and other nutrients not found in plant-source foods or other proteins.
One of the key messages from the report is that the ocean plays an important role in the global food provision and that it even has the potential to play a much more significant role through increased mariculture (i.e. aquaculture that occurs in the sea) production. In addition, it is found that the ocean could supply over six times as much food as today. That amount represents more than two-thirds of the edible meat that the FAO estimates will be needed to feed the future global population. More food from the ocean is welcomed with a new study indicating that, compared to terrestrial animal production, greenhouse gas emissions are lower per portion of protein associated with the production of large pelagic, small pelagic and salmon in mariculture.
Read the report here.
The EU fish market 2019
The paper “The EU Fish market” from December 2019 has been published by EUMOFA (the European Market Observatory for Fisheries and Aquaculture Products). It aims to provide “an economic description of the whole European fisheries and aquaculture industry” in 2019.
Some of the highlights from the paper are:
- There has been an increased expenditure of the EU households for purchasing fish and seafood despite higher prices.
- There has been a growth of EU aquaculture production and increased landings where both demand and prices have increased. It is also mentioned how the volume of landings which are not destined for human consumption have increased with an example of a boost of 797% in sandeel landings from 2016 to 2017.
- There has been an increased EU trade deficit for fisheries and aquaculture products.
The paper also considers macroeconomic trends in the industry as well as recent dynamics for some main species.
The paper includes the following main topics:
- The EU in the world
- Market supply
- Import – Export
- Landings in the EU
You can find the paper here.
COP 25: UN Climate Change Conference
The UN Climate Change Conference COP 25 is now taking place in Madrid, Spain, from 2 December to 13 December 2019. For this year’s meeting, one of the focus points is UN’s Sustainable Development Goal number 14: Life below water. The aim behind this goal is to “conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development”. One of the targets of this goal is by 2020 to effectively regulate harvesting and implement science-based management plans in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible.
Read more about goal number 14 here.
The conference includes events and workshops about the ocean. For example, the presidency event “Launching of the Platform for Science-Based Ocean Solutions (PSBOS)” will take place on day 2 of the conference, Tuesday 3 December. Here, it will be discussed how the ocean holds solutions to help the world mitigate and adapt to climate change. Some of the objectives behind the platform include the facilitation of access to key resources and solutions for the ocean; encouragement of a concrete implementation of policies, programmes and projects to meet climate change and its effects on the ocean; and the enhancement of the sharing of knowledge created by various actors in the ocean and climate community to advance ocean-climate action.
Read more about the conference here.
In addition to the Sustainable Development Goals, the UN has announced what they call a Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development. This decade is to be held from 2021 to 2030 and it will provide a common framework in order to ensure that ocean science can fully support countries’ actions to sustainably manage the oceans as well as to achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It is claimed that “the Decade will provide a ‘once in a lifetime’ opportunity to create a new foundation, across the science-policy interface, to strengthen the management of our oceans and coasts for the benefit of humanity.” This is done through a combination of a wide variety of disciplines which study and provide data on the global marine environment.
Read more about the Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development here.
The picture is found at the Sustainable Development Goals webpage here.